If you’ve been watching my field activation videos for long you’ve no doubt noticed that, at the end of an exchange, I’ll often send “72 de K4SWL” instead of “73 de K4SWL.”
“73” much like “CQ” has a very distinct sound and cadence in CW. Even during one’s earliest days of learning CW, the sound of “73” is sort of burned into the brain and instantly recognized.
I’m sure that’s why when I send “72” some believe I’m sending it by mistake–it’s very conspicuous even to new CW operators.
Perhaps this is why one of the most common questions I receive from new YouTube channel subscribers is:
“Thomas, why are you sending 72 instead of 73?”
The answer is actually very simple…
72 is the QRP version of 73
“72” isn’t a new ham radio abbreviation but according to my light research, it doesn’t date back to the earliest days of wireless either (please correct me if I’m wrong).
The late and great George Dobbs (G3RJV) notes in his book “QRP Basics” that 72 has been in use since the late 1980s as a way some operators identify that they’re running QRP or low power (generally 5 watts or less).
You’ll find it referenced in numerous abbreviation guides like the CW Ops CW guide and in QRP communities like QRP-L and the QRPARCI. In the past, I’ve heard 72 used in QRP contest exchanges too. I suppose it’s also a bit of a “handshake” among QRP operators.
That said, 72 isn’t as commonly used to convey “Best Regards” as the more standard 73. Not by a long shot. I’ve gotten messages from passionate radio purists who’ve told me to stop using it, in fact, since it’s not as standard as 73. I get where they’re coming from because keeping our abbreviations standard makes communication that much clearer.
I’ll admit that I’m a bit this way with the international phonetic alphabet: I like sticking to the script for reasons of clarity and simplicity.
I almost unconsciously go back to using “73” if I suspect the op on the other end is new to CW.
72 is simple and clear
The main reason I choose to use 72 during many of my POTA/SOTA activations is because I believe it conveys a message in the most concise and clear way possible.
Sending “72” allows me to communicate my power level without having to send any extra elements/words like “3 WATTS” or “/QRP” after my callsign–especially since communicating power output isn’t typically a part of a SOTA/POTA exchange.
Sending “72” might also help to explain why my signal strength might be a bit lower, or surprise a DX contact if I’m being received 599.
While it’s true some on the other end might scratch their heads and have to look up the meaning of “72,” once they know it, they know it.
And if sending “72” isn’t your thing or you don’t agree with its use, that’s perfectly okay too! You’ll hear me using it most of the time I’m running QRP in the field, but I don’t expect anyone else to.
To each their own, I say!
When I do hear another op use 72? I know the contact was QRP on both ends and that’s kind of cool in my book!
20 thoughts on “Why I send “72” instead of “73””
Thanks for the quick lesson, I’ve attempted to start using 72 more often these days, though I will admit I still use 73 until I remember again…….
I use 72 when I’m 5w or less for sure. I don’t see a problem with it at all. I view language as an evolving phenomena which evolves with the times.
Yes 72 Less is More…..!!!
Maybe I am an old guy, 73 works best for me lol
Dave KN4OK 73 ee
I sometimes think some get to serious with procedure, too many Ham police although those quoting the FCC rules is a must for us Hams. I like 72 as Thomas says, “Sending “72” allows me to communicate my power level” and we on CW have always tried to find ways of conveying a message in a short form, ie Q-signals. We as QRP ops like to brag about our operations and 72 is a good way to do it.
73, ron, n9ee
I enjoy your blog, thanks for being there.
72 de AB1DQ
There’s also 77, “long live CW!”
as for the numeric code, here’s an interesting story
or, should I say… history 🙂 ?
“73 is sort of burned into the brain and instantly recognized”…how true this is…and if I could only instantly recognize the other grouping/characters, at speed, then I’ll know I have finally arrived!
I’ve never heard of it. If you want to convey something,people at the other end need to understand the meaning. It fails.
I like to use 72 as well. Really for the same reasons you mention. I’ve had people reapot me on POTA letting people know kw I’m running qrp and the only reason they’d know that is from the 72.
I use both, and occasionally even hear (or send) “72/73.”
I am a dedicated QRP er. I only use 72 if the other station is also QRP. It makes no sense to send 72 (what literally means good luck in QRP) to a QRO station. Peter OO7Z
Interesting, I have never heard of the ’72’ instead of ’73’.
We need a sign off code for ‘My battery is almost dead and I have no beer left’ which is the equivalent of SOS in Ham radio terms 🙂
From when I was first licensed in 1983 to around 2001 when I pretty much gave up (temporarily as it turned out), I never heard any mention of 72 even though I was a G-QRP-Club member for most of that time. I became aware of it shortly after reactivating my licence in 2017. A little research came up with the page below, which I think is as definitive a source of its origin as you’re going to find: “Club 72” http://club72.qrp.su
If you seek more info on the early days of QRP activities in the USA, I highly recommend this free PDF file
Adrian Weiss, K8EEG/Ø was a prime mover in the QRp movement in the 1980’s.
I was the first QSO W1CER Doug DeMaw made with the TunaTin 2 on 40 meters, with my former call K4DAS, now N4OW . I was not QRP . However, I ordered a Heath HW7 shortly after that contact.
My call is mentioned in the QST TunaTin 2 article.
I am active in NAQCC and SKCC using QRp
72 de AL, N4ow ex-K4DAS –
And 77 is CW FOREVER !
I should use 72 as I run only run QRP. I, like others, will probably have to consciously try to remember to do it.
Ham Radio is a medium based on rules as well as innovation. Using 72 is innovation AND just like rock and roll, not everybody will accept it, and some vehemently so. For me, it is simplistic brilliance and those perfectly clever ideas are the very best.
Does this mean we could use 71 as QRPp?
Just a thought.